November 17, 2016: Vol. 15, No. 46 Advancing HVAC&R to Serve Humanity
And Promote a Sustainable World  


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Industry News

2016 Likely to be Hottest Year on Record Globally
GENEVA, Switzerland—2016 is forecast to break the record for the hottest year since records have been kept, the United Nations' weather agency said Monday. Through October, global average temperatures were 2.2°F (1.2°C) higher than preindustrial levels, according to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). The previous hottest year was 2015. The WMO says 16 of the 17 hottest years have occurred this century. 2016 is currently the second-warmest year on record for the United States, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Average temperatures in the U.S. are almost 3°F (1.7°C) warmer than average.

Microsoft's Wyoming Data Center to be Powered Entirely by Wind Energy
CHEYENNE, Wyoming—Microsoft's Wyoming data center will soon be powered entirely by wind power. The company recently signed two new contracts for a total of 237 MW of wind energy capacity. Microsoft has contracted Bloom Wind farm in Kansas to provide 178 MW, and the Silver Sage and Happy Jack farms in Wyoming to provide an additional 59 MW. Microsoft also said the site's backup generators will be used as a "secondary resource" for the local grid, providing energy to the local community during periods of high demand.

EU Investigating Ways to Reduce Shopping Center Energy Use
BOLZANO, Italy—The European Union (EU) is investigating methods to significantly reduce energy use in shopping centers. The EU project CommONEnergy aims to develop practical support tools and systems to transform shopping centers into energy-efficient architectural complexes. Results from demonstration buildings in Norway, Spain, and Italy have encouraged researchers, who are testing the impacts of energy-saving measures such as tailored lighting, air conditioning, new façade systems, and energy management systems. One test project is at the City Syd shopping center, a 38 000 m2 (409,029 ft2) facility in Norway. "We're in the process of redesigning the lighting system by installing smart skylights with advanced daylighting systems, LED lighting, and spotlights. We're also… installing 'sun pipe' tubes that allow more daylight in," said senior research scientist Matthias Haase, Ph.D., of Norwegian research company SINTEF.

New Technology Monitors, Identifies Sources of Residential Indoor Air Pollution
EAST LANSING, Mich.—Engineers at Michigan State University are developing new technology that not only warns of problems with indoor air, but also identifies the source of the pollution and offers suggestions on how to remedy the situation. AirSense is a prototype intelligent, home-based indoor air quality monitoring and analytics system designed to increase consumers’ awareness of IAQ and to help manage it. The system is designed to recognize differences in how different pollution sources generate different types of pollutants. “Our technology leverages these differences to identify the source and forecast pollution levels to estimate the seriousness of the problem,” said lead researcher Mi Zhang, Ph.D. The AirSense system also will provide a detailed weekly IAQ profiling report that helps users better understand how their household activities impact air quality. The team hopes the technology will be available for public use soon. They say AirSense could eventually be applied in public spaces such as office buildings, shopping malls and subway stations.

Footsteps Light Up Las Vegas Plaza in Pilot Project
LAS VEGAS—Newly installed streetlights in a plaza off the Las Vegas Strip are powered entirely by solar and kinetic energy. New York-based EnGoPLANET installed four streetlights that are topped by a solar panel crest and have “kinetic tiles” on the ground below them. The tiles illuminate the plaza using energy gathered from the footsteps of pedestrians. Each step generates 4 W to 8 W, depending on the pressure of the step. Excess energy is then collected by a battery for use at night. The city partnered with the company on the pilot project to test the efficacy of the off-the-grid technology, inspired by a desire to mitigate power outages such as those that occurred in the New York City area in 2012 after Hurricane Sandy.

In other news...

China, Japan, Russia, South Korea Partner to Maximize Renewable Energy in Asia
New Catalyst Material Could Lead to Production of Liquid Fuel From CO2
AAF International Acquires Swedish Air Filter Manufacturer Dinair
Smart Watch Powered Entirely by Body Heat
Birds' Beaks House Complex 'Air Conditioners'


Addenda to Standard 189.1 Open for Public Review
An addendum that would change the commissioning requirements in ASHRAE/IES/USGBC/ICC Standard 189.1, Standard for the Design of High-Performance Green Buildings, Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings, to increase its ability to support achieving high performance green buildings is among the 11 addenda that are open for review. Addendum aq updates the standard’s requirements for building systems commissioning. “We want to update the standard to reflect experience gained in applying the existing requirements as well as to keep current with trends and terminology in the evolving commissioning industry,” said committee chair Andrew Persily. Other addenda under review cover topics such as treatment of waste materials; lighting power density requirements for exterior parking areas; testing, installation and commissioning of air curtains; and life-cycle assessment of buildings. Eight addenda are open for review until Dec. 4. The other three are open until Dec. 19.

Feature of the Week

Direct-Fired Technology: From Makeup Air to Space Heating
By Thomas Boeckermann, Member ASHRAE; Harold Stevens; Thomas Kuehn, Ph.D., P.E., Life Member ASHRAE; Shawn Manisto; and Bill Griffin, Associate Member ASHRAE
According to the authors, while indirect combustion provides clean, safe heating, only a fraction of the fuel’s heating value is used for useful heating. The remainder is lost through the flue. To increase energy efficiency and to conserve natural energy sources, the modern-day applications of direct-fired heating systems deserve a closer look. The authors say that direct-fired technology is a safe, energy-efficient, and cost-effective means to provide heating for a wide range of applications. This article focuses on two key applications, makeup air and space heating.

This article originally was published in September 2015. Click here to download the article. It will be available here through Dec. 1.

After Dec. 1, access to the article from this eNewsletter will no longer be available. It will remain available for free download by members here and for purchase by nonmembers in the online store.

Product News

Wireless Mini-Split Controller From Daikin
HOUSTON—Daikin North America announces the Wireless Interface Adapter and Comfort Control App for mini-split systems. The wireless controller enables users to adjust the mini-split systems from anywhere via a compatible mobile device and an Internet connection. The device also enables users to remotely detect fault conditions.

Multizone Heat Pump Systems From LG
ALPHARETTA, Ga.—LG Multi F heat pump systems are designed to provide air conditioning for up to eight zones. Systems can be configured with all non-ducted, all ducted, or both non-ducted and ducted indoor units.

Desiccant Dehumidifier From Munters
AMESBURY, Mass.—Munters’ Integrated Customer Air Handler (ICA) features the company’s RightDry technology, which enables customers to select a higher-efficiency dehumidifier with low-temperature reactivation sources. The system includes a dehumidifier and nine desiccant rotor size options, heating and cooling coils, a refrigeration package, and supply and return HEPA filters. RightDry technology enables customers to use water as low as 100°F (32°C) or low-pressure steam from a boiler or waste energy source as a regeneration source.

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