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ASHRAE Membership

ASHRAE membership is open to any person associated with heating, ventilation, air conditioning or refrigeration. ASHRAE is unique because its membership is drawn from a wide range of disciplines relating to the HVAC&R field. Approximately 51,000 individuals from more than 100 nations belong to the Society.

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ASHRAE members earn 15% off publications. Hundreds of titles are available including the complete collection of ASHRAE Standards including 90.1, 62.1 and 189.1.
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Resources & Publications

Datacom Series

The eleven-publication Datacom Series provides a comprehensive treatment of data center cooling and related subjects, authored by ASHRAE Technical Committee 9.9, Mission Critical Facilities, Technology Spaces and Electronic Equipment.

TC 9 9 Publication Datacom Roadmap.jpg


Titles in the ASHRAE Datacom Series


1. Thermal Guidelines for Data Processing Environments, Third Edition

Trends toward increased equipment power density in data and communication (datacom) centers can result in significant thermal design and operation issues, with the potentially undesirable side effects of decreased equipment availability, wasted floor space, and inefficient cooling system operation. There is often a mismatch of IT equipment environmental requirements with adjacent equipment requirements or with facility operating conditions and, thus, a strong need to find common solutions and standard practices that facilitate IT equipment interchangeability while preserving industry innovation.

This Guide provides equipment manufacturers and facility operations staff with a common set of guidelines for the design and construction of their respective equipment or facility, thereby aiding in maximizing the performance and health of the facility and its contents.

Free Supplemental Download: 2008 ASHRAE Environmental Guidelines for Datacom Equipment - Expanding the Recommended Environmental Envelope

To provide greater flexibility in facility operations, particularly with the goal of reduced energy consumption in data centers, TC 9.9 has undergone an effort to revisit the recommended equipment environmental specifications listed in Table 2.1 of the first Datacom publication, Thermal Guidelines for Data Processing Environments. The result of this effort is to expand the recommended operating environment envelope. An eleven-page supplement that details this can be downloaded free after registration. Register / Download (.pdf)

2012 / 150 pages / $59 ($50 ASHRAE Member)

2. Datacom Equipment Power Trends and Cooling Applications, Second Edition

Based on the latest information from leading datacom equipment manufacturers, this second edition of Datacom Equipment Power Trends and Cooling Applications provides new and expanded datacom equipment power trend charts through 2020 to allow datacom facility designers to more accurately predict the equipment loads their facilities will need to accommodate in the future and supplies ways of applying the trend information to datacom facility designs today. This edition also enhances the server power trends by including trends for the number of sockets and includes a new chapter with practical information on how to apply the trends in a data center environment.

Also included is an overview of various air- and liquid-cooling system options for handling future loads and an invaluable appendix containing terms and definitions used by datacom equipment manufacturers, the facilities operation industry, and the cooling design and construction industry.

2012 / 144 pages / $59 ($50 ASHRAE Member)

3. Design Considerations for Datacom Equipment Centers, Second Edition

Design Considerations for Datacom Equipment CentersThis book provides basic information essentials for the design of datacom (data processing and communications) facilities. It covers the topics of design criteria, HVAC loads, cooling systems overview, air distribution and liquid cooling. It will also provides information that is supplemental to basic data center design, which may be of more value to those who already have design and/or operating experience in this field covering additional topics such as ancillary spaces, contamination, acoustics, structural and seismic design, fire suppression, commissioning, availability and redundancy, and energy efficiency.

This publication also explains that most datacom equipment will be replaced one or more times during the life of the facility with more current technology emphasizing the continual need to upgrade individual computer devices that result in a change in the heat load and a change in the needs for air distribution.

2009 / 254 pages / $59 ($50 ASHRAE Member)

4. Liquid Cooling Guidelines for Datacom Equipment Centers, Second Edition

Liquid Cooling Guidelines for Datacom Equipment CentersData center IT equipment today is predominantly air cooled. However, with rack heat loads steadily climbing, the ability for many data centers to deliver either adequate airflow rates or sufficient chilled air is now being stretched to the limit. These trends in the heat load generated from IT equipment can have detrimental side effects, such as decresed equipment availability, wasted floor space, and inefficient cooling system operation. This situation is creating a need for implementing liquid cooling solutions.

The overall goals of the liquid implementations include aspects such as trasferring as much waste heat to the facility liquid cooling loop as possible, reducing the overall volume of airflow needed by the racks, and reducing processor temperatures such that increased compute performance can be achieved. The book was printed on 30% post-consumer waste using soy-based inks.

2013 / 122 pages / $59 ($50 ASHRAE Member)

5. Structural and Vibration Guidelines for Datacom Equipment Centers

Structural and Vibration Guidelines for Datacom Equipment CentersThis book discusses datacom equipment as well as a building's structure and infrastructure in a holistic way while providing best practices for their design and installation. This book is divided into four main sections.

Part 1, Introduction, gives an overview of the best practices in the design of datacom equipment centers, including recommendations for new and renovated building structures, building infrastructure, and datacom equipment. Part 2, Building Structure, covers the design of new and existing structures. In Part 3, Building Infrastructure, the structural considerations of the building's infrastructure, raised-access floor systems, and vibration sources and their control are discussed in detail. The last part of this book, Datacom Equipment, covers shock and vibration testing, seismic anchorage systems and analysis of datacom equipment.

2009 / 254 pages / $59 ($50 ASHRAE Member)

6. Best Practices for Datacom Facility Energy Efficiency, Second Edition

Best Practices for Datacom Facility Energy EfficiencySustainable design, global warming, depleting fuel reserves, energy use, and operating cost are becoming increasingly more important. The intent of this publication, as part of the ongoing ASHRAE Datacom Series, is to provide the reader with detailed information on the design of datacom facilities that will aid in minimizing the life-cycle cost to the client, and to maximize energy efficiency in a facility to align with ASHRAE's stated direction (from the 2006 Strategic Plan) to 'lead the advancement of sustainable building design and operations.'

This book covers many aspects of datacom facility energy efficiency, and includes chapters on the topics of environmental criteria, mechanical equipment and systems, economizer cycles, airflow distribution, HVAC controls and energy management, electrical distribution equipment, datacom equipment efficiency, liquid cooling, total cost of ownership, and emerging technologies. There are also appendices on such topics as facility commissioning, operations and maintenance, and the telecom facility experiences.

2009 / 254 pages / $59 ($50 ASHRAE Member)

7. High Density Data Centers - Case Studies and Best Practices

High Density Data Centers - Case Studies and Best PracticesData centers and telecommunications rooms that house datacom equipment are becoming increasingly more difficult to adequately cool. This is a result of IT manufacturers increasing datacom performance year after year at the cost of increased heat dissipation. Even though performance has, in general, increased at a more rapid rate than power, the power required and the resulting heat dissipated by the datacom equipment has increased to a level that is putting a strain on data centers.

The objective of this book is to provide a series of case studies of high density data centers and a range of ventilation schemes that demonstrate how loads can be cooled using a number of different approaches. This book was printed on 30% post-consumer waste using soy-based inks.

2008 / 193 pages / $59 ($50 ASHRAE Member)

8. Particulate and Gaseous Contamination in Datacom Environments, Second Edition

Particulate and Gaseous Contamination in Datacom Environments Even though particle contamination resulting from dust and dirt can lead to unexpected shutdowns of critical IT equipment, the connection between contamination and hardware failures is often overlooked. Particulate and Gaseous Contamination in Datacom Environments sheds light on this issue and will provide readers with the information they need to maintain a high level of IT equipment dependability and availability. This book identifies datacom equipment susceptibility and operational impact, as well as strategies for prevention, control, contamination testing, and analysis.

Free Supplemental Download: Particulate and Gaseous Contamination Guidelines for Data Centers

The objective of this white paper is to describe the need to control airborne contaminants, both particulate and gaseous, in data centers and to specify their recommended acceptable limits. Download (.pdf)

2013 / 134 pages / $59 ($50 ASHRAE Member)

9. Real-Time Energy Consumption Measurements in Data Centers

Real-Time Energy Consumption Measurements in Data CentersData centers are dense and complex environments that house a wide variety of energy consuming equipment. With information technology (IT) and facilities equipment, there are thousands of energy consumption monitoring points. If a data center operator cannot monitor a device, that device cannot be controlled. In addition, for a data center to reach its optimal energy efficiency, all equipment on the IT and facilities sides must be monitored and controlled as an ensemble. IT and facilities organizations in a company typically have different reporting structures, which results in a communication gap. This book is designed to help bridge that gap and provides an overview of how to instrument and monitor key power and cooling subsystems.

This book also includes numerous examples of how to use energy consumption data in calculating power usage effectiveness (PUE), along with a practical method that can be used to quantify the PUE for a data center housed in a mixed-use facility. Finally, some coverage is provided for a data center that deploys a combined cooling, heat, and power system. Calculating the PUE for such a data center presents some challenges; this book helps clarify the key issues.

2010 / 296 pages / $59 ($50 ASHRAE Member)

10. Green Tips for Data Centers

The data center industry is focused on reducing energy - a focus driven by increasing energy costs and capital costs to add more data center capacity. Combined with rapid growth in the industry and the increase in power used by IT equipment, it is important that every data center operator understand the options for reducing energy. In the past, it was thought that the critical nature of data center technology did not allow for traditional energy-saving approaches and that data centers' continuous operation offered no "unoccupied" periods when energy could be saved. Today, however, there is recognition that energy can be saved in both the data center facility and the IT equipment.

This book gives data center owners and operators a clear understanding of the energy-saving opportunities that exist. It covers the mechanical and electrical systems of the building and also the most promising opportunities in technology. In addition, the book's organization follows a logical approach that can be used for conducting a preliminary energy assessment.

2010 / 104 pages / $59 ($50 ASHRAE Member)

11. PUE: A Comprehensive Examination of the Metric

Power usage effectiveness (PUE™), the industry-preferred metric for measuring infrastructure energy efficiency for data centers, is an end-user tool that helps boost energy efficiency in data center operations. This new book provides a high level of understanding of the concepts surrounding PUE, plus in-depth application knowledge and resources to those implementing, reporting, and analyzing data center metrics.

It gives actionable information useful to a broad audience ranging from novice to expert in the IT industry, including C-suite executives, facility planners, facility operators, ITE manufacturers, HVAC&R manufacturers, consulting engineers, energy audit professionals, and end users.

2013 / 90 pages / $59 ($50 ASHRAE Member)

12. Server Efficiency--Metrics for Computer Servers and Storage

Server Efficiency--Metrics for Computer Servers and StorageThis book consolidates information on current server and storage subsystem energy benchmarks. Each chapter describes a metric, its target market, and includes examples of data generated from the subject benchmark or tool, along with guidance on interpreting the data. This book provides the information needed to select the best measure of performance and power for a variety of server applications.

2015 / 220 pages / $59 ($50 ASHRAE Member)

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